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Hong_Youth

2021/10/22  阅读:42  主题:橙心

OpenCV-Python使用DNN模块实现人脸识别和人脸检测

opencv中也可以实现深度学习中的人脸识别算法了。是怎么一回事呢?就是opencv中的DNN库,更新了好多深度学习的模块或者说是库函数,这样就让我们摆脱了安装庞大繁琐的深度学习框架。我们只需下载相应的权重文件,就可以实现复杂的人脸识别和人脸检测功能了。

人脸检测

1、下载权重文件和配置文件

2、话不多说,直接上代码

# -*-coding:utf-8-*-
"""
File Name: face_detection.py
Program IDE: PyCharm
Date: 2021/10/17
Create File By Author: Hong
"""

import cv2 as cv

# 权重文件和配置文件
model_bin = 'models/opencv_face_detector_uint8.pb'
config_text = 'models/opencv_face_detector.pbtxt'


def face_detection(video_path: str):
    """
    人脸检测,使用DNN中的人脸检测模块
    :param video_path: 传入视频文件
    :return: 没有返回值
    """

    # 加载模型权重和配置文件
    net = cv.dnn.readNetFromTensorflow(model=model_bin, config=config_text)
    cap = cv.VideoCapture(video_path)

    while cap.isOpened():
        ret, frame = cap.read()
        # 若读不到视频帧,直接退出
        if not ret:
            break

        h, w, c = frame.shape
        # N, C, H, W ——> num_image,channel,height,width
        # 设置输入网络的图像格式
        blob = cv.dnn.blobFromImage(frame, 1.0, (300300), (104.0177.0123.0), FalseFalse)
        net.setInput(blob)
        outs = net.forward()  # 1×1×N×7 分别是批次、图像数量、人脸数、每个人脸7个值(后四个值分别是人脸框的左上角右下角)
        # print(outs.shape)
        for detection in outs[00, :, :]:  # 找出最后7个值
            print(detection)
            score = float(detection[2])  # 第三个值表示该人脸是人脸的概率
            if score > 0.5:  # 大于0.5概率才画框,找出人脸框左上角和右下角坐标
                left = detection[3] * w
                top = detection[4] * h
                right = detection[5] * w
                bottom = detection[6] * h
                cv.rectangle(frame, (int(left), int(top)), (int(right), int(bottom)), (00255), 280)
                cv.putText(frame, str(score), (int(left), int(top)), 21, (25500))  # 在框的左上角处画出概率

        cv.imshow('frame', frame)

        c = cv.waitKey(1)
        if c == 27 or 0xFF == ord('q'):
            break

    cap.release()
    cv.destroyAllWindows()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    path = 'images/video_face.mp4'
    face_detection(path)

结果展示:

人脸检测
人脸检测

人脸检测和人脸关键点检测

1、下载权重文件

2、项目代码

# -*-coding:utf-8-*-
"""
File Name: scrfd_face.py
Program IDE: PyCharm
Date: 2021/10/17
Create File By Author: Hong
"""

import cv2
import argparse
import numpy as np


class SCRFD():
    def __init__(self, onnxmodel, confThreshold=0.5, nmsThreshold=0.5):
        self.inpWidth = 640
        self.inpHeight = 640
        self.confThreshold = confThreshold
        self.nmsThreshold = nmsThreshold
        self.net = cv2.dnn.readNet(onnxmodel)
        self.keep_ratio = True
        self.fmc = 3
        self._feat_stride_fpn = [81632]
        self._num_anchors = 2

    def resize_image(self, srcimg):
        padh, padw, newh, neww = 00, self.inpHeight, self.inpWidth
        if self.keep_ratio and srcimg.shape[0] != srcimg.shape[1]:
            hw_scale = srcimg.shape[0] / srcimg.shape[1]
            if hw_scale > 1:
                newh, neww = self.inpHeight, int(self.inpWidth / hw_scale)
                img = cv2.resize(srcimg, (neww, newh), interpolation=cv2.INTER_AREA)
                padw = int((self.inpWidth - neww) * 0.5)
                img = cv2.copyMakeBorder(img, 00, padw, self.inpWidth - neww - padw, cv2.BORDER_CONSTANT,
                                         value=0)  # add border
            else:
                newh, neww = int(self.inpHeight * hw_scale) + 1, self.inpWidth
                img = cv2.resize(srcimg, (neww, newh), interpolation=cv2.INTER_AREA)
                padh = int((self.inpHeight - newh) * 0.5)
                img = cv2.copyMakeBorder(img, padh, self.inpHeight - newh - padh, 00, cv2.BORDER_CONSTANT, value=0)
        else:
            img = cv2.resize(srcimg, (self.inpWidth, self.inpHeight), interpolation=cv2.INTER_AREA)
        return img, newh, neww, padh, padw

    def distance2bbox(self, points, distance, max_shape=None):
        x1 = points[:, 0] - distance[:, 0]
        y1 = points[:, 1] - distance[:, 1]
        x2 = points[:, 0] + distance[:, 2]
        y2 = points[:, 1] + distance[:, 3]
        if max_shape is not None:
            x1 = x1.clamp(min=0, max=max_shape[1])
            y1 = y1.clamp(min=0, max=max_shape[0])
            x2 = x2.clamp(min=0, max=max_shape[1])
            y2 = y2.clamp(min=0, max=max_shape[0])
        return np.stack([x1, y1, x2, y2], axis=-1)

    def distance2kps(self, points, distance, max_shape=None):
        preds = []
        for i in range(0, distance.shape[1], 2):
            px = points[:, i % 2] + distance[:, i]
            py = points[:, i % 2 + 1] + distance[:, i + 1]
            if max_shape is not None:
                px = px.clamp(min=0, max=max_shape[1])
                py = py.clamp(min=0, max=max_shape[0])
            preds.append(px)
            preds.append(py)
        return np.stack(preds, axis=-1)

    def detect(self, srcimg):
        img, newh, neww, padh, padw = self.resize_image(srcimg)
        blob = cv2.dnn.blobFromImage(img, 1.0 / 128, (self.inpWidth, self.inpHeight), (127.5127.5127.5),
                                     swapRB=True)
        # Sets the input to the network
        self.net.setInput(blob)

        # Runs the forward pass to get output of the output layers
        outs = self.net.forward(self.net.getUnconnectedOutLayersNames())
        # inference output
        scores_list, bboxes_list, kpss_list = [], [], []
        for idx, stride in enumerate(self._feat_stride_fpn):
            scores = outs[idx * self.fmc][0]
            bbox_preds = outs[idx * self.fmc + 1][0] * stride
            kps_preds = outs[idx * self.fmc + 2][0] * stride
            height = blob.shape[2] // stride
            width = blob.shape[3] // stride
            anchor_centers = np.stack(np.mgrid[:height, :width][::-1], axis=-1).astype(np.float32)
            anchor_centers = (anchor_centers * stride).reshape((-12))
            if self._num_anchors > 1:
                anchor_centers = np.stack([anchor_centers] * self._num_anchors, axis=1).reshape((-12))

            pos_inds = np.where(scores >= self.confThreshold)[0]
            bboxes = self.distance2bbox(anchor_centers, bbox_preds)
            pos_scores = scores[pos_inds]
            pos_bboxes = bboxes[pos_inds]
            scores_list.append(pos_scores)
            bboxes_list.append(pos_bboxes)

            kpss = self.distance2kps(anchor_centers, kps_preds)
            # kpss = kps_preds
            kpss = kpss.reshape((kpss.shape[0], -12))
            pos_kpss = kpss[pos_inds]
            kpss_list.append(pos_kpss)

        scores = np.vstack(scores_list).ravel()
        # bboxes = np.vstack(bboxes_list) / det_scale
        # kpss = np.vstack(kpss_list) / det_scale
        bboxes = np.vstack(bboxes_list)
        kpss = np.vstack(kpss_list)
        bboxes[:, 2:4] = bboxes[:, 2:4] - bboxes[:, 0:2]
        ratioh, ratiow = srcimg.shape[0] / newh, srcimg.shape[1] / neww
        bboxes[:, 0] = (bboxes[:, 0] - padw) * ratiow
        bboxes[:, 1] = (bboxes[:, 1] - padh) * ratioh
        bboxes[:, 2] = bboxes[:, 2] * ratiow
        bboxes[:, 3] = bboxes[:, 3] * ratioh
        kpss[:, :, 0] = (kpss[:, :, 0] - padw) * ratiow
        kpss[:, :, 1] = (kpss[:, :, 1] - padh) * ratioh
        indices = cv2.dnn.NMSBoxes(bboxes.tolist(), scores.tolist(), self.confThreshold, self.nmsThreshold)
        for i in indices:
            i = i[0]
            xmin, ymin, xamx, ymax = int(bboxes[i, 0]), int(bboxes[i, 1]), int(bboxes[i, 0] + bboxes[i, 2]), int(
                bboxes[i, 1] + bboxes[i, 3])
            cv2.rectangle(srcimg, (xmin, ymin), (xamx, ymax), (00255), thickness=2)
            for j in range(5):
                cv2.circle(srcimg, (int(kpss[i, j, 0]), int(kpss[i, j, 1])), 1, (02550), thickness=-1)
            cv2.putText(srcimg, str(round(scores[i], 3)), (xmin, ymin - 10), cv2.FONT_HERSHEY_SIMPLEX, 1, (02550),
                        thickness=1)
        return srcimg


if __name__ == '__main__':
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
    parser.add_argument('--imgpath', type=str, default='images/2.png', help='image path')
    parser.add_argument('--onnxmodel', default='weights/scrfd_500m_kps.onnx', type=str,
                        choices=['weights/scrfd_500m_kps.onnx''weights/scrfd_2.5g_kps.onnx',
                                 'weights/scrfd_10g_kps.onnx'], help='onnx model')
    parser.add_argument('--confThreshold', default=0.5, type=float, help='class confidence')
    parser.add_argument('--nmsThreshold', default=0.5, type=float, help='nms iou thresh')
    args = parser.parse_args()

    mynet = SCRFD(args.onnxmodel, confThreshold=args.confThreshold, nmsThreshold=args.nmsThreshold)
    srcimg = cv2.imread(args.imgpath)
    outimg = mynet.detect(srcimg)

    winName = 'Deep learning object detection in OpenCV'
    cv2.namedWindow(winName, cv2.WINDOW_AUTOSIZE)
    cv2.imshow(winName, outimg)
    cv2.waitKey(0)
    cv2.destroyAllWindows()

结果展示:

人脸关键点检测
人脸关键点检测

权重文件请关注微信公众号《AI与计算机视觉》,回复 ”人脸检测“ 获取。

Hong_Youth

2021/10/22  阅读:42  主题:橙心

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Hong_Youth

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